On Barbados’ 431 square kilometres 18.6% of the island is forested and is home to 248 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles including the infamous Barbados Black Belly Sheep.
Additionally, it is home to at least 572 species of plants. However, a history of mono-crop production of sugar cane and the negative impacts of urbanization have contributed to the decline in biodiversity sustainability. Nonetheless, there has been several efforts by government and local environmental agencies on island towards the sustainable development of terrestrial and marine landscapes.
The BECT seeks to support initiatives focussed on encouraging more sustainable development on the island, such as protected areas and activities related to sustainable tourism.